Unity and balance are two of the most important principles of landscaping. Unity is achieved through repetition and consistency in design, while balance is a sense of equality. To create a successful landscape, it is important to consider the direction of the wind, the path of the sun, and how to move water from one area to another. Suburban and rural properties often have more established natural environments, so it is important to combine landscape design with the existing terrain. For example, you could place interesting non-native plants closer to the house and plant native plants closer to the perimeter of the property.
Symmetrical balance is used in formal landscapes when one side of the landscape is a mirror image of the opposite side. These landscapes often use geometric patterns on walkways, planting beds, and even the way plants are pruned into shapes. Asymmetrical balance, also known as informal equilibrium, differs from one side to the other and seems to be relaxing and fluid.
When it comes to deciding how to design your outdoor space, there are some basic principles you should keep in mind. DIY enthusiasts must first learn the basic design elements that underlie the discipline of landscape design. The repetition of the shape is essential for the creation of the pattern, which is the basic organizational structure of the landscape.
When planning a landscape design it is necessary to work with principles that are derived directly from the basic elements. It is ideal to have a place to relax and play protected from the heat of the day, as well as take advantage of the warmth of the sun on colder days. Strategic use of plants and hard gardening materials can guide how we move around our garden and experience it.
Creating a successful landscape requires careful consideration of many factors such as wind direction, sun path, irrigation strategy, and existing terrain. Understanding these principles will help DIY enthusiasts create beautiful outdoor spaces that are both functional and aesthetically pleasing.